CH-1|HISTORY OF PHYSICS
All of science that preceded modern astronomy and quantum theory was essentially an attempt by mankind to explain what it saw within its own eyes. Thales of Miletus, who in the 6th century BCE said that every observed phenomenon probably had a perfectly natural explanation. The came Nicolaus Copernicus who made the heliocentric theory which explains that sun is at the middle of the universe.
Einstein later, and this is why many considered him to be the ” Father of modern science”.